External Corrosion Caused CA Oil Spill
Monday, February 22, 2016 @ 03:02 PM gHale
External corrosion caused the Refugio Oil Spill that leaked crude oil onto the shoreline of southern Santa Barbara County, federal regulators said in a preliminary report.
While there is a timeline in the preliminary report, there are no real reasons into what caused the corrosion, why the in-line inspection tools failed to recognize significant corrosion levels, or why the pipeline operated for another 35 minutes after the rupture happened.
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Administration (PHMA) are investigating the “failure” that caused the May 19, 2015 spill near Refugio State Beach, during which a Plains All American Pipeline burst and spilled up to 142,800 gallons of crude oil onto the shoreline and into the ocean.
“Plains’ existing corrosion control system is not preventing external corrosion of the pipe under insulation,” according to the report.
The agency ordered Plains to shut down and purge the oil out of both of its Santa Barbara County pipelines due to concerns about corrosion, since the investigators at the rupture site found a wall thickness of 1/16 of an inch while recent inspections indicated it was much thicker.
“This is an instance where the inspection tools miscalculated the corrosion,” said PHMSA Administrator Marie Therese Dominguez.
When asked if this is a common occurrence with in-line inspection tools, Dominguez said the inspection tools are usually very thorough, but operators also get opportunities to get additional data with digs.
After the shutdowns, ExxonMobil, Venoco, Inc., and Freeport McMoRan stopped offshore oil production since there is no approved oil transportation system to replace the pipes.
There is still no estimate on what kind of work has to be done for Plains to restart the pipelines.
The factors that led to the corrosion, and other critical pieces of the investigation, will be in the final report coming out in spring, Dominguez said.
PHMSA released the preliminary report as an effort to be more transparent in its operations, she said.
Capps said the spill had a “tremendous impact” on Santa Barbara County, economically and environmentally.
She called fossil fuels “dirty, expensive, dangerous” and said she is hoping to reauthorize pipeline safety legislation after the spill.
Preliminary findings in the report say the leak occurred between 10:55 and 10:56 a.m. and Plains shut down Line 901 about 35 minutes later because of problems at the Sisquoc Station on Line 903.
A petroleum smell ended up reported at 11:42 p.m. and Santa Barbara County Fire Department personnel along with a Plains representative found the culvert where oil crossed under Highway 101 to Refugio Beach.
“The Plains representative, along with Fire Department personnel, attempted to stop the flow of oil into the culvert,” the report said.
“However, the culvert was too large to stop the flow with shovels and sand bags were not readily available so their efforts were unsuccessful. As soon as additional equipment and personnel arrived, the culvert was dammed so the oil was stopped from entering the culvert.”
Click here to download the report.