Safer, cleaner environment with E20 fuel

Tuesday, April 13, 2010 @ 10:04 PM gHale


E20 fuel, which blends 20% ethanol with gasoline, reduces the tail pipe emissions of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, compared with traditional gasoline or E10 blends.

In addition, there is no measurable impact to vehicle driveability or maintenance in conventional internal combustion engines, according to a new study by the Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies at Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, NY.

The data illustrates potential benefits of E20 as a tool in reducing overall vehicle emissions at a time when many states and the U.S. Department of Transportation are considering policies that would increase the ethanol percentage in standard gasoline.

“Currently, numerous commercially available gasoline brands contain 10 percent ethanol,” said Brian Hilton, senior staff engineer at the center, a component of RIT’s Golisano Institute for Sustainability, and part of the research team. “There have been concerns raised that any increase in blend would negatively impact standard internal combustion engines, however our data shows that vehicle performance remained constant, while carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions were decreased even over E10 blends.”

The RIT team worked with the County of Monroe, N.Y., to test the use of E20 in 10 older gasoline vehicles not designed for ethanol fuel mixtures. The study utilized service vehicles used by the county, which logged over 100,000 miles on E20 fuel. Researchers analyzed the vehicles periodically for emissions and overall wear and tear. The fleet showed an average emissions reduction for carbon monoxide of 23 percent as well as a 13 percent reduction for hydrocarbon emissions, compared to conventional gasoline, with no measurable stress on vehicle operation or mechanics.

The Environmental Protection Agency is using the study results to promote the federal Renewable Fuel Standard program. This effort mandated an increase in the volume of renewable fuel required to blend into transportation fuel from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 36 billion gallons by 2022.

The RIT team is continuing to work with Monroe County to convert their entire conventional gasoline fleet to E20 and will provide additional analysis on the impact of ethanol on long-term vehicle durability.



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