Posts Tagged ‘energy’

Wednesday, July 23, 2014 @ 12:07 PM gHale

An OPC scanner that could end up leveraged to launch cyber attacks against critical infrastructure areas is in a variant of the Havex malware, researchers said.

While researchers were investigating a variant of Havex called “Fertger” or “Peacepipe,” this scanner ended up uncovered by FireEye investigators.

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This variant is the first publicized version of this malware reported to actively scan OPC servers used for controlling SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) devices in critical infrastructure, energy and manufacturing sectors, said FireEye Threat Intelligence Analyst Kyle Wilhoit in a blog.

“If an attacker wanted to attack an OPC server, they would need and want details of the OPC servers they were targeting. Having the OPC scan data gives the attacker enough information to start possible next phases of an attack against a SCADA environment,” he said.

Havex is a family of remote-access Trojans used during several attacks on critical infrastructure. It was active for at least the last year and its mission was to pull vast amounts of information from infected machines.

“While Havex itself is a somewhat simple PHP Remote Access Trojan (RAT) that has been analyzed by other sources, none of these have covered the scanning functionality that could impact SCADA devices and other industrial control systems (ICS),” Wilhoit said. “Specifically, this Havex variant targets servers involved in OPC (Object linking and embedding for Process Control) communication, a client/server technology widely used in process control systems (for example, to control water pumps, turbines, tanks, etc.).”

“Since ICS networks typically don’t have a high-level of visibility into the environment, there are several ways to help minimize some of the risks associated with a threat like Havex. First, ICS environments need to have the ability to perform full packet capture ability. This gives incident responders and engineers better visibility should an incident occur.

“Also, having mature incident processes for your ICS environment is important. Being able to have security engineers that also understand ICS environments during an incident is paramount. Finally, having trained professionals consistently perform security checks on ICS environments is helpful. This ensures standard sets of security protocols and best practices are followed within a highly secure environment,” he said.

Havex is just one threat facing critical infrastructure organizations. ICS-CERT urged critical infrastructure companies to check their networks for signs of intrusion following the discovery of a fresh Dragonfly hack campaign earlier in July.

Click here for more information from Wilhoit’s blog.

Friday, July 11, 2014 @ 04:07 PM gHale

If this doesn’t convince all that security is necessary, then nothing will: Almost 70 percent of companies surveyed responsible for the world’s power, water and other critical functions have reported at least one security breach that led to the loss of confidential information or disruption of operations in the past year.

Of the 599 security executives at utility, oil and gas, energy and manufacturing companies, 64 percent of respondents anticipated one or more serious attacks in the coming year, according to the report conducted by Unisys and the Ponemon Institute. Despite this risk, only 28 percent ranked security as one of the top five strategic priorities for their organization. Flying in the face of one of the major reasons to users should implement security, a majority of those surveyed said their top business priority is minimizing downtime.

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“The findings of the survey are startling, given that these industries form the backbone of the global economy and cannot afford a disruption,” said Dr. Larry Ponemon, chairman and founder of the Ponemon Institute. “While the desire for security protection is apparent among these companies, not nearly enough is actually being done to secure our critical infrastructure against attacks.”

Only one in six respondents describe their organization’s IT security program or activities as mature. Respondents who reported suffering a data breach within the past year most often attributed these breaches to an internal accident or mistake, and negligent insiders were the most cited threat to company security. Despite these findings, only six percent of respondents said they provide cybersecurity training for all employees.

“Whether malicious or accidental, threats from the inside are just as real and devastating as those coming from the outside,” said Dave Frymier, chief information security officer at Unisys. “We hope the survey results serve as a wake-up call to critical infrastructure providers to take a much more proactive, holistic approach to securing their IT systems against attacks. Action should be taken before an incident occurs, not just after a breach.”

The survey also highlighted the concerns many of these executives feel regarding the security of industrial control systems (ICS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, which monitor and control the processes and operations for power generation and other critical infrastructure functions.

When asked about the likelihood of an attack on their organizations’ ICS or SCADA systems, 78 percent of the senior security officials responded that a successful attack is at least somewhat likely within the next 24 months. Just 21 percent of respondents thought that the risk level to ICS and SCADA has substantially decreased because of regulations and industry-based security standards, which appears to mean tighter controls and better adoption of standards, along with vigilance, are ingredients to the recipe for success.

Click here for the full report.

Wednesday, April 2, 2014 @ 03:04 PM gHale

Starnes E. Walker will head up the new University of Delaware Cybersecurity Initiative (UDCSI), with a special emphasis on issues facing corporate America

Walker, a physicist with 35 years of leadership experience in research, development and engineering to enhance national security, became the founding director effective April 1.

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Walker has held senior management positions in the U.S. Departments of Defense, Energy and Homeland Security, as well as industry. He has developed critical programs and aligned strategic systems across the U.S. and around the globe, forging key partnerships with the United Kingdom, Australia, Singapore, Israel, Sweden, the European Union and NATO.

A key focus of Walker’s appointment at UDCSI will be corporate cyber security. According to a 2012 survey of more than 9,600 global business executives by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), CIO and CSO, more than 41 percent of U.S. respondents experienced one or more security incidents during the past year, ranging from financial losses to intellectual property theft.

“With Dr. Walker’s appointment as founding director of our Cybersecurity Initiative, the University of Delaware gains exceptional expertise in an area of urgent concern,” said University Provost Domenico Grasso. “Under Dr. Walker’s leadership, UD will develop new partnerships to advance cyber security education and research and create prominent academic programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as certificate programs for corporate and government professionals.”

“I am honored to join the University of Delaware and to have this opportunity to help prepare the next generation of leaders who will protect the U.S. against cyber attacks,” Walker said. “UD’s new Cybersecurity Initiative is going to be an all-around ‘win’—for the University, for the State of Delaware, for the nation and for all of the businesses incorporated here and beyond, from the financial sector to the energy sector, and absolutely, for the public.”

The United States has a serious cyber workforce shortage, with only 1,000 skilled specialists in the field when the nation needs as many as 30,000, according to James Gosler, founding director of the CIA’s Clandestine Information Technology Office.

Monday, March 10, 2014 @ 06:03 PM gHale

There is another cyber espionage campaign detected targeting industries including energy, finance, security and defense, and healthcare, researchers said.

Dubbed “Siesta” on account of the periods of dormancy the delivered malware ends up ordered to enter at regular intervals, the campaign starts with malicious emails delivered to the target company’s executives.

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The “From” email address looks like the email came from another company employee, and the message contains a malicious link the victim should follow.

“The attacker serves the archive under a URL path named after the target organization’s name (http://{malicious domain}/{organization name}/{legitimate archive name}.zip,” the researchers said, and the downloaded file contains an executable masquerading as a PDF document.

“When executed, it drops and opens a valid PDF file, which was most probably taken from the target organization’s website. Along with this valid PDF file, another malicious component is also dropped and executed in the background,” they said.

This malicious component is a backdoor Trojan that connects to (short-lived) C&C servers at previously defined intervals, and to download additional malicious files from a specified URL.

Different malware variants end up used in various campaigns, but they act the same. Another thing that points out to them all being started by the same attacker(s) is the different C&C servers and domains have all been registered by the same registrant (different names, but the same email address: xiaomao{BLOCKED}@163.com).

“This individual also recently registered 79 additional domains. There are a total of roughly 17,000 domains registered with this same email address,” the researchers discovered, and this obviously points to a concerted effort.

The researchers didn’t say which organizations (and in which countries) ended up hit, and have refrained from sharing full filename and hashes of the malicious files delivered as the investigation is still ongoing.

Monday, July 8, 2013 @ 03:07 PM gHale

Alstom created a mitigation for an improper authorization vulnerability affecting the Alstom Grid MiCOM S1 Agile and S1 Studio Software, according to a report on ICS-CERT.

Keep in mind Alstom Grid MiCOM S1 Studio Software is its own software suite. A user could have MiCOM S1 Studio Software from a different vendor. This mitigation only addresses the Alstom software product. Alstom tested the update to validate that it resolves the vulnerability.

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The following Alstom Grid products suffer from the issue: MiCOM S1 Agile Software, all versions up to and including v1.0.2, and legacy MiCOM S1 Studio Software, all versions.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an attacker with read/modify user permissions for the MiCOM S1 file system to affect the availability of the application. Unauthorized attackers can then access the MiCOM S1 executable files. This vulnerability can affect products deployed in the energy, dams, healthcare and public health, water, chemical, and commercial facilities.

Alstom Grid is a global company that maintains offices in the U.S., UK, Canada, Italy, India, Brazil, France, Russia, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Singapore.

The affected products, Alstom Grid MiCOM S1 Agile and Studio Software, allows users to configure Alstom Grid’s range of protective relays. According to Alstom, MiCOM S1 Software deploys mainly across the energy sector.

The MiCOM S1 Software does not limit user access to its installed executables to only authenticated administrative users. A malicious user with any level of access to the local system could replace executables within the MiCOM S1 Program Files directory with malicious files. When the MiCOM S1 application runs, the malicious executable could run instead. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause loss of availability, integrity, and confidentiality with the local system and a disruption in communications with other connected devices.

In addition, a Windows Service running under LocalSystem is within this directory as well. Replacing the associated executable, in this case, would allow lower privileged users to escalate their privileges to an administrator level on the system.

CVE-2013-2786 is the number assigned to this vulnerability, which has a CVSS v2 base score of 6.0.

This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely and cannot suffer exploitation without access to the local system by an authorized user. To date, no known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. An attacker with a high skill would be able to exploit this vulnerability.

Alstom released MiCOM S1 Agile version v1.0.3 that mitigates the vulnerability by controlling which users can access MiCOM S1 Agile files and services.

A user can get the update by emailing Alstom at the Alstom Grid Contact Centre.

Tuesday, June 18, 2013 @ 04:06 PM gHale

By Gregory Hale
The industry is losing around $400 billion a year in cyber attacks.

“Cyber attacks are an area where users are under invested,” said Darius Adamczyk, president and chief executive at Honeywell Process Solutions, during Monday’s keynote at the Honeywell Users Group (HUG) in Phoenix, AZ. “This is something I worry about every day. There needs to be more awareness. There is $400 billion lost a year due to cyber attacks.”

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The idea security is top of mind for Adamczyk truly underscores the dire need for the industry to come to grips with the idea that manufacturing automation users are, for the most part, not prepared when it comes to the potential of facing and fending off a cyber attack.

“I just hope it doesn’t take a crisis for us to start spending (on security solutions),” Adamczyk said.

Safety was also a key element to Adamczyk’s keynote as he said Honeywell was well below the average of safety incidents in the United States, but he feared the U.S. average was going to rise in the wake of safety incidents like the explosion at the fertilizer plant in West, Texas.

“For us process safety is a given,” Adamczyk said. “Our approach to safety is broader though: Integrated safety. All integrated in one seamless package.”

“Safety has plateaued,” he said. “My guess is it will be getting worse than better,” in the wake of the recent safety incidents. “Safety has to be job one.”

While safety and security were important elements to Adamczyk’s talk, he also mentioned other key trends HPS is focusing on like energy, improving relationships with end users, and reiterating Honeywell is more of a full service integrator compared to a hardware provider.

When it comes to producing more energy, Adamczyk said the U.S. is still and importer, but that trend is changing.

“From the 1980s until 2010, there has been a decline in production, but that has changed,” he said. “We are still a net importer of energy, but by 2020 we will be about even and by 2040 we will an exporter by 12 percent.”

Another area the industry is keeping a keen eye on is the aging workforce and the potential for Baby Boomers getting ready to retire and take all the knowledge out the door with them. “By 2020 workers aged 55 and older will be almost 25 percent of the workforce,” he said. That also shows great potential for automation to come in and help alleviate some of the worker crunch.

Adamczyk also spent some time talking about the real key in the industry is about making – and keeping – relationships.

“If we can’t keep a relationship from the beginning of the lifecycle through the end, then we have absolutely failed.”

Friday, June 7, 2013 @ 03:06 PM gHale

Security services continues to move forward in consolidation mode as SilverSky acquired the managed security services division of StillSecure.

The Milford, CT-based security firm, formerly known as Perimeter E-Security, built out managed security services in recent years. The firm said the StillSecure division will add new log archiving capabilities and a web application firewall service. SilverSky has about 95 clients in the financial services, retail, healthcare, energy, critical infrastructure and manufacturing sectors with a deal size of more than $25,000, according to Forrester Research. The company said it has 6,000 customers.

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In addition to bringing on about 40 people, including eight security engineers, SilverSky will also add Superior, CO-based StillSecure’s two security operation centers located in Denver and Ft. Lauderdale, FL. StillSecure has about 30 clients with a deal size of greater than $25,000, according to Forrester.

SilverSky CTO Andrew Jaquith pledged the company’s full support of current StillSecure customers and channel partners. The two StillSecure locations will increase redundancy for SilverSky’s operations, Jaquith said. Integration of back-end operations should take about six months. Merging the sales and account teams should take about 30 days.

“We’re not looking to do anything radical that would make current StillSecure customers unhappy,” Jaquith said. “We are bringing their security operations and engineering and sales resources. There will be a fair amount of continuity with the staff.”

SilverSky’s business consists of mainly direct sales, while StillSecure sales have been nearly 100 percent through the channel. SilverSky’s managed security services currently provide network monitoring, security information event management and unified threat management systems. The company can support firewall, IDS/IPS and VPN remote user access services as part of a UTM package or on an a la carte basis. SilverSky will continue to offer cloud-based email security and its Secure Cloud Exchange service for Microsoft Exchange.

SilverSky announcement is one in a wave of mergers and acquisitions in recent months associated with managed security services.

Deloitte last week acquired Vigilant, Inc., a consulting and managed services provider specializing in security monitoring and threat intelligence. The company will operate under the Vigilant by Deloitte brand. Vigilant’s customer base consists of 1,000 global clients, mainly in the financial sector. Meanwhile Chicago-based security firm Trustwave also dealt for SecureConnect, an Eden Prairie, MN-based security services provider that focused its services on providing PCI compliance and network security for clients in the hospitality industry.

Wednesday, May 22, 2013 @ 07:05 PM gHale

3S created an update for a denial-of-service (DoS) vulnerability in its CODESYS Gateway application, according to a report on ICS-CERT.

Successful exploitation of this remotely exploitable vulnerability, discovered by Nicholas Miles who has tested the update and validates that it resolves the vulnerability, could cause a DoS condition and may also allow the possibility of remote execution of arbitrary code.

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The Gateway-Server is a third-party component found in multiple control systems manufacturer’s products.

CODESYS Gateway, Version 2.3.9.27 suffers from this issue.

This product also sees use in products sold by other vendors. Control systems vendors should review their products, identify those that incorporate the affected software, and take appropriate steps to update their products and notify customers.

If exploited, an attacker could use this vulnerability to remotely cause a DoS with a system crash within the Gateway server application. Remote execution of arbitrary code may also be possible.

According to the 3S-Smart Software Solutions GmbH Web site, CODESYS sees use in virtually all sectors of the automation industry by manufacturers of industrial controllers or intelligent automation devices, by end users in many different industries, or by system integrators who offer automation solutions with CODESYS.

This vulnerability affects products primarily found in the energy, critical manufacturing, and industrial automation industries.

The vulnerability is the result of a referencing memory previously freed by the process. This condition commonly causes a system crash and may also present the possibility for execution of arbitrary code.

CVE-2013-81733 is the number assigned to this vulnerability, which has a CVSS v2 base score of 10.0.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability, but an attacker with a low skill would be able to exploit this vulnerability.

3S produced a patch available for download from the 3S CODESYS Download page.

Thursday, May 2, 2013 @ 05:05 PM gHale

This is the classic glass is half full or half empty: The number of serious vulnerabilities per website fell for the third year in a row, but the average website carried 56 holes in 2012, new research showed.

Half full or half empty? Yes, 56 is better than the 79 flaws per website reported in 2011, and it is quite an improvement on the 230 vulnerabilities per site reported in 2010, according to statistics compiled by WhiteHat Security researchers Jeremiah Grossman, Matt Johansen, and Gabriel Gumbs and based upon data gathered from tens of thousands of websites.

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If you really look at it, if WhiteHat Security’s sample is indicative of the whole Internet, then 86 percent of sites on the Web contain at least one serious vulnerability.

WhiteHat defines serious vulnerabilities as “those in which an attacker could take control over all, or some part, of the website, compromise user accounts on the system, access sensitive data, violate compliance requirements, and possibly make headline news.”

Sixty-one percent of the vulnerabilities uncovered by WhiteHat researchers eventually ended up resolved, though it took, on average, 193 days – or more than half a year — to move from vulnerability detection to resolution.

On the other hand, 18 percent the sites they examined spent fewer than 30 days vulnerable. For the mathematically challenged, this means that 82 percent of websites spent somewhere between 31 and 365 days of last year vulnerable to at least one serious flaw. Thirty-three percent of all the websites in the report were vulnerable every day of 2012.

Entertainment and media sites were the best about resolving vulnerabilities in a timely fashion. Government and gaming sites followed closely behind entertainment and media sites. Education, healthcare, and insurance websites were slowest to plug holes. Gaming, telecommunications, and energy sector sites fixed the highest percentage of their vulnerabilities while non-profits, social networks, gaming, and food and beverage companies were the worst about supplying patches for their bugs.

Information technology and energy sector sites stood out in the report as the two industries that actually had more vulnerabilities per site in 2012 than 2011. IT took tops with an average 114 vulnerabilities per site – narrowly beating out retail sites, which contained 110 vulnerabilities on average. Despite persistent accusations of inefficiency, Government sites contained the fewest vulnerabilities followed closely by banking sites, with eight and 12 per respectively. Banks, traditionally the best sector as far as vulnerability remediation goes, did a poor job with that this year, fixing only slightly more than half of the bugs they encountered.

Among the sites analyzed by WhiteHat, every manufacturing, education, energy, government, and food and beverage website had at least one serious vulnerability.

The top ten most common vulnerability classes uncovered by WhiteHat in 2012 were information leakage in 55 percent of sites, cross-site scripting in 53 percent, content spoofing in 33 percent, cross-site forgery requests in 26 percent, brute force in 26 percent, fingerprinting in 23 percent, insufficient transport layer protection in 22 percent, session fixation in 14 percent, URL redirector abuse in 13 percent, and insufficient authorization in 11 percent. SQL injection vulnerabilities are no longer among the top ten most common types of vulnerabilities.

 
 
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