There is a new method in development for transmitting quantum information using particles of light called qudits, which promise a future quantum Internet that is secure and powerful.

Traditionally, quantum information is encoded on qubits, which can exist in a state of 0, 1, or both at the same time (superposition). This quality makes them ideal for complex calculations but limits the amount of data they can carry in communication. Conversely, qudits can encode information in higher dimensions, transmitting more data in a single go.

A promising solution is to prepare, manipulate, and transmit the fundamental unit of quantum information by high-dimensional superposition states (i.e., flying qudits), said researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, Duke University and College of Staten Island, City University of New York in a paper on the subject.

For their intrinsic high dimensionality, qudits can encode richer information and provide more intricate entanglement structure, which are eligible for more efficient quantum algorithms and can thus further enlarge the information capacity and noise resilience for the development of the quantum Internet.

The new technique harnesses two properties of light – spatial mode and polarization – to create four-dimensional qudits. These qudits are on a special chip that allows for precise manipulation. This manipulation translates to faster data transfer rates and increased resistance to errors compared to conventional methods.

Schneider Bold

One of the key advantages of this approach is the qudits’ ability to maintain their quantum properties over long distances. This makes them perfect for applications like satellite-based quantum communication, where data needs to travel vast distances without losing its integrity.

The process starts with generating a special entangled state using two photons. Entanglement is a phenomenon where two particles become linked, sharing the same fate regardless of physical separation.

The signal photon, manipulated by the integrated photonic circuit, creates a 4D qudit represented by the set of orange spheres. Meanwhile, the idler photon, represented by the blue sphere, acts as a remote control for the signal photon.
Source: eLight

In this case, one photon (the signal photon) is manipulated on the chip to create a 4D qudit using its spatial mode and polarization. The other photon (idler photon) remains unchanged and acts as a remote control for the signal photon. By manipulating the idler photon, scientists can control the state of the signal photon and encode information onto it.

This new method has the potential to revolutionize the field of quantum communication.

It paves the way for a high-speed quantum Internet that can transmit massive amounts of data securely over long distances. Additionally, it can lead to the development of unbreakable encryption protocols and contribute to the creation of powerful quantum computers capable of tackling problems beyond the reach of classical computers.

The researchers are currently focusing on improving the accuracy of the qudits and scaling up the technology to handle even higher dimensions. They believe this approach has the potential to revolutionize quantum communication.

Click here to review the paper.


Pin It on Pinterest

Share This