Safety Report: EU Nukes to Improve

Friday, October 5, 2012 @ 04:10 PM gHale

The cost of necessary improvements at the 145 nuclear reactors in the European Union (EU) could be as high as $32 billion over the coming years, said EU Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger.

A EU report released Thursday found stress tests carried out in the wake of the March 2011 Fukushima accident in Japan show almost all the plants need safety improvements. The tests did not reveal the need to close any plants immediately, officials said earlier.

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EU leaders agreed last year to put the reactors through the toughest security checks possible to gauge their ability to withstand accidents and natural disasters.

Oettinger said “nearly everywhere” there was potential for improvement to reach the highest level of safety, ranging from ensuring more time to react to an electricity blackout to adding more seismic equipment to detect earthquakes.

The report also called for more consistency across the 27-nation EU in assessing and managing safety threats.

“Hundreds of technical upgrade measures have been identified,” the report said. EU leaders will now assess the report at their Oct. 18-19 summit in Brussels to chart the future.

The report criticized the authorities for not taking the latest standards into account to assess risks.

For earthquake and flooding risk, standards now called for an assessment based on occurrences of the past 10,000 years, while many nuclear power plants use a shorter timeframe.

Equipment to fight severe accidents is not nearby for quick retrieval in 56 percent of cases, and almost everywhere equipment to alert for earthquakes should undergo an upgraded or installation.

In case of an electricity blackout, five reactors would not be able to cope for more than an hour without intervention.

European nuclear plants are already regularly checked, but under the stress test system, the checks were toughened up and coordinated across the EU before facing peer review by a multinational teams of experts.

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